going deeper

Diabetes in kids

November is National Diabetes Month. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 29.1 million people in the U.S. have diabetes – and 8.1 million of those don’t know they have it.

Most people are familiar with Type 2 diabetes – diagnosed in adults – this form of the disease is the most common type and is often related to diet and exercise.  While it’s less common, children and young adults can also be diagnosed with diabetes – known as Type 1 diabetes, previously called juvenile diabetes.

Type 1 is an autoimmune response that causes a person’s body not to make any insulin at all. Insulin is a hormone that is essential for life and helps your body use sugar for energy. Without insulin, sugar builds up in the blood and could lead to life-changing complications over time.

Signs and Symptoms:

·         Extreme thirst and/or hunger even when eating

·         Excessive urination

·         Unexplained weight loss

·         Blurry vision

·         Extreme fatigue

If you observe these symptoms in your child, take them to their primary care physician.

Treatment:

·         Insulin injections

·         Monitor blood glucose levels

·         A balanced, healthy diet

·         Regular exercise

If your child is diagnosed with diabetes, your child’s doctor or a registered dietitian can help you better understand how to manage their blood sugar levels with the right foods. 

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